This 16th century codex, now on display at the Library of Congress, is thought to be the earliest image of the Madonna and Child created by Indians in the New World. Prepared by native artists in 1531, this image served as part of a lawsuit brought by indigenous people of Huejotzingo, Mexico on behalf of Hernan Cortes. Cortes sued the judges of the Mexico City court for demanding excessive tribute payment from the Indians under their jurisdiction. In the end, they won. It was an unprecedented victory. How did the Madonna and Child factor into this dispute? That part of the story I did not learn. Not yet.